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David Marco defends his PhD Thesis

DMARCODavid Marco completed his PhD studies with a public defense of his PhD Thesis entitled «Design and characterization of spatial light modulator optical systems and geometrical phase elements for the generation of structured light«, supervised by María del Mar Sánchez-Lopez and Ignacio Moreno.

The Thesis has been developed at TECNIT – the Doctoral Program on Industrial and Telecommunications Technologies at UMH.

The jury for the defense was composed by Dr. Gemma Piquero, from University Complutense of Madrid, Dr. Carlos Hernández, from University of Salamanca and Dr. Carlos R. Fernández-Pousa, from UMH.




Miércoles, 1 de septiembre de 2021 Sin comentarios

New paper in OLEN about a new method to obtain optical correlation

CorrelationOur last work is published in the journal Optics & Lasers in Engineering, entitled Multiple-order correlations and convolutions using a spatial light modulator with extended phase range. Here we present a new type of optical convolver / optical correlator capable of encoding multiple such operations. The technique is based on obtaining higher powers of a properly designed hologram. This can be obtained in two ways. First, we can recalculate higher powers of the amplitude and phase hologram in a standard spatial light modulator (SLM). Alternatively, we can utilize a phase-only hologram and exploit the properties of an SLM with extended phase modulation range.

The work has been done in collaboration with our colleagues Prof. Jeffrey A. Davis and Prof. Don M. Cottrell, and with Benjamin Gutierrez, from San Diego State University.

Viernes, 16 de julio de 2021 Sin comentarios

New paper in Scientific Reports about generating customized depolarizated spatial light patterns

Fig SCI REPIn our recent paper in Scientific Reports entitled Customized depolarization spatial patterns with dynamic retardance functions we demonstrate a proof-of-concept of a dynamical time-dependent pixelated retarder used to emulate a controlled spatially variant depolarizing sample.

We apply an imaging Mueller polarimetric system based on a polarization camera to verify the effective depolarization effect, and the effective depolarizance results are fully described within a simple graphical approach and standard Mueller matrix decomposition methods. The technique is illustrated by means of three practical cases, including exotic structures as a spirally shaped depolarization pattern.

The work has been done in collaboration with our colleagues Angel Lizana and Juan Campos, from MIP Optilab Laboratory at the Department of Physics of Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, in the frame of our common research project devoted to the development of advanced polarimetric systems.

This work is also part of the PhD Thesis of David Marco.

Lunes, 3 de mayo de 2021 Sin comentarios

New paper in Frontiers in Physics about a supercontinuum laser programmable spectrum system

CapturaA new paper is available at the journal Frontiers in Physics entitled Programmable supercontinuum laser spectrum generator based on a liquid-crystal on silicon spatial light modulator.

In this work we present an optical system to spectrally filter a supercontinuum (SC) laser using liquid-crystal on silicon SLMs. The proposed optical system disperses the input laser and the spectrally separated components are projected onto the LCoS-SLM, where the state of polarization of each wavelength is separately modulated. Finally, recombining the modulated spectral components results in an output laser source where the spectrum can be controlled dynamically from a computer. The system incorporates two branches to independently control the visible (VIS) and the near infrared (NIR) spectral content, thus providing a SC laser source from 450 nm to 1600 nm with programmable spectrum.

We expect this new ability for controlling at will the wide spectra of the SC laser sources can be extremely useful for biological imaging applications.

This work was done with our former Master students Jordi Gomis and Pedro Martínez, and with Dr. Aarón Cofre after completing his PhD Thesis.

Jueves, 1 de abril de 2021 Sin comentarios

New paper in OSAC about a complex encoding with Nyquist diffraction gratings

CapturaA new paper is available at OSA Continuum entitled Encoding complex amplitude information onto phase-only diffractive optical elements using binary phase Nyquist gratings.

In this new workwe reexamine a simple technique for encoding complex amplitude information onto a phase-only SLM. The approach uses a two-dimensional checkerboard binary phase diffraction grating where the diffraction efficiency is spatially varied.

We provide evidence of the usefulness of the technique but also about the limitations imposed by the current LCOS technology, which do not allow fully exploiting their high resolution, affected by the fringing effect.

The work has been done in collaboration with our coleagues at San Diego State University, Prof. Jeffrey A. Davis, Prof. Don M. Cottrell and Everett Wolfe.


Viernes, 26 de febrero de 2021 Sin comentarios

New paper in Crystals with a polarimetric imaging of radial polarizers and q-plates


A new paper is available in the journal Crystals entitled Mueller matrix polarimetric imaging analysis of optical components for the generation of cylindrical vector beams, in a special issue of the journal devoted to Liquid Crystals Optical Devices.

In this work we perform a Mueller matrix imaging analysis of two commercial optical components usually employed to generate and manipulate vector beams—a radial polarizer and a liquid-crystal q-plate. These two elements generate vector beams by different polarization mechanisms—polarizance and retardance, respectively.

The quality of the vector beams relies on the quality of the device that generates them. For this purpose, we applied a customized imaging Mueller matrix polarimeter based on liquid-crystal retarders and a polarization camera. Experimental results were compared to the numerical simulations, considering the theoretical Mueller matrix.

This work was done in collaboration with our colleagues Angel Lizana and Juan Campos from the MIP-Optilab at Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, in the frame of our coordinated national project.

Viernes, 18 de diciembre de 2020 Sin comentarios

New paper in JOSA A about sub-Nyquist microlens arrays

JOSAOur recent paper in the Journal of the Optical Society of America (JOSA A) is entitled In-phase sub-Nyquist lenslet arrays encoded onto spatial light modulators. Here we analyze diffractive lenses encoded onto SLMs when they surpass the Nyquist limit.

This limit happens when a focal length is encoded shorter than a given distance fixed by the spatial resolution of the the display. When this limit is surpassed, a two-dimensional array of lenslets is formed. We show that, for certain values of the focal length, the lenslets are all in perfect phase. We find other distances in between where the array  is composed of two sets of lenslets in phase opposition. Finally, we illustrate these phase distributions in the application to generate an array of vortex producing lenses.

This work has been done with our colleagues Prof. Don. M. Cottrell, Prof. Jeffrey A. Davis and Benjamin Gutierrez, from the Department of Physics at San Diego State University.

Viernes, 21 de agosto de 2020 Sin comentarios

New paper in Optics Letters about a new technique of measuring the LCOS backplane deformation

INT1A new paper is available in Optics Letters entitled Measuring the spatial deformation of a liquid-crystal on silicon display with a self-interference effect.

Here we present a simple technique to characterize the spatial non-uniformity of a LCOS-SLM, based on illuminating the display with a wavelength out of the operation range. In this situation there is a significant reflection at the output surface and a Gires–Tournois type interferometer is directly created, without any alignment requirement and insensitive to vibrations. The beam reflected at the output surface is the reference beam, while the beam reflected at the silicon backplane is modulated with the addressed gray level in order to quantitatively derive its deformation. We provide an experimental demonstration using a LCOS-SLM designed to operate in the near-infrared range but illuminated with visible light.

This work is part of the PhD Thesis of David Marco and has been done in collaboration with our colleague Prof. Asticio Vargas, from Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile.

Viernes, 7 de agosto de 2020 Sin comentarios

New paper in OSA Continuum about double ring interference with binary axicons

CbeltA new paper is available at OSA Continuum entitled Double-ring interference of binary diffractive axicons.

Here we report on the interference between the double rings generated by the Fourier transform of a binary diffractive axicon. These two rings have the same size and correspond to the +1 and -1 diffracted order beams. The interference condition between both rings can be easily changed by adding a constant phase bias. Additionally, this interference condition can be changed along the ring.

This work has been done in collaboration with our colleagues at San Diego State University Prof. Jeffrey A. Davis, Prof. Don M. Cottrell and Benjamin Gutierrez.

Lunes, 15 de junio de 2020 Sin comentarios

New paper in Applied Sciences about the generation of hybrid vector beams with a detuned q-plate

ASOur new paper is available in Applied Sciences, entitled Analysis of hybrid vector beams generated with a detuned q-plate. This article belongs to the journal special issue devoted to Ultrafast Vortex Pulses.

We use a tunable commercial liquid-crystal q-plate tuned to a quarter-wave retardance to study the generation and dynamics of different types of hybrid vector beams. Standard hybrid vector beams but also petal-like hybrid vector beams are generated. These beams are analyzed in the near field and compared with the far field distribution, where their hybrid nature is observed as a transformation of the intensity and polarization patterns.

The work has been developed during the stay in Elche last year of Julio César Quiceno, from Universidad del Valle, in Cali, Colombia.

Viernes, 15 de mayo de 2020 Sin comentarios